Piping is what transports compressed, dried, and filtered air to is sent its to the point of use. During the transport, pressure may drop and contamination may occur. When designing a compressed air piping system, it is important to keep the following factors in mind to reduce the risk of poorly pressured or dirty air.
The material a pipe is made of plays a significant role in determining compressed air’s pressure and quality. Pipes are available in different materials that include iron, aluminum, plastic, and copper. A number of materials can be corroded by lubricants while compression is taking place, resulting in leaks and air stream particulates. Also, the Ppipe material also impacts the pressure loss due to because of friction. Ideal pipe options are those that have a low friction coefficient. These include aluminum, steel, and copper.
Pipe Size and Distance
AThe pipe’s size and the distance to the point of use in a compressed air system affects the pressure of air available at the point of use. Very small pipes that don’t suit the pressure or capacity of the airflow are likely to increase the pressure beyond safe application. Also, pressure may drop below what is needed if the pressure is too distant from the point of use. This leaves the compressor working beyond its rated capacity and leads to premature wear. A
2 psi increase at the compressor discharge can result in a 1% increase in energy requirement, driving up the cost even further. It is important to ensure that the pressure from the compressor to the fuarthest point of use must not never be be below 10% of discharge pressure.
Piping layouts can be straight or loop. A straight header pipe that has branches can be used in narrow plants. Loop style piping fits square plants. It allows air to flow through the pipes and drop down to every point of use.
Area Temperature Fluctuations
In a big compressed air system, pipes are not housed in one room. They are likely to pass through other spaces, outside or underground. It is essential to know the temperature fluctuations in thesee area. Too much heat can wear out the pipes. Also, hot pipes are not safe for employees to touch. Extremely cold or freezing temperatures can result in the system having frozen condensate.
Making a piping system for compressed air needs does not need to be hard. Industry leaders such as DCM tuyauterie industrielle’s services are a great way to have a dependable system.