Many industrial setups now utilize Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) to ensure the safety of their workers. The Washington State Department for Labor and Industries have made available a guide for conducting hazard assessment in the process of selecting PPE. There are methods specified for conducting an assessment. First, a walkthrough survey is recommended to access the potential hazards of PPE. After that, proper identification of the possible hazards as well as the devising of control measures to manage hazards involved in the use of PPE. However, other methods usually used by large organizations to carry out a hazard analysis on PPE includes Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) and the Job Safety Analysis (JSA).These methods analyze the various steps involved in a job, identify hazards, as well as control measures to mitigate them.The five major steps outlined below are recommended by the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries to conduct a proper hazard analysis that leads to the selection of the appropriate PPE.
#1:Critically Identify All Hazards
There is a need for a thorough walkthrough survey in the workplace to identify different possible hazards. Ensure you note the actual place hazards occur, their causes and the places or parts at risk. Also, it is important to note the general state of the area of hazard. Consider the lighting, the noise, the forklift traffic tripping hazards and other factors in these critical areas. Ask for variation in working processes, assume there are no PPE in places of for the sake of assessment and observe critical places for potential hazards. Places requiring respirators, noisy areas, etc. should be examined properly.
#2:Analyze All Identified Hazards
The next step is to do a thorough analysis of the hazards identified looking assign a risk code priority based on the severity of the injury or illness that the hazard is capable of causing.
#3:Implement Control Measures and Take Action
After rating all hazards based on their priority level, it is pertinent that you devise effective control measures which can be implemented to manage the effect of potential hazards. There are some that would require you to stop an entire production process.
#4:Choose the Appropriate PPE
Sometimes, after an effective control measure is put in place and all possible adjustment in terms of working conditions is made to eliminate or prevent hazards, hazards still occur. In this case, an appropriate PPE that can effectively protect the worker from a particular hazard should be obtained.
There is need to certify that all possible hazards have been assessed and the appropriate control measure has been put in place including the use of PPE.However, Job Safety Analysis or Job Hazard Analysis software like the 1st incident mobile inspection app can perform all this function to determine the appropriate PPE to select.